26 Nov 2020. (2009, September 02). A freelance writer and former part-time Professor of Philosophy at Marist College, New York, Joshua J. When the last of the seven kings of Rome, Tarquin the Proud, was deposed in 509 BCE, his rival for power, Lucius Junius Brutus, reformed the system of government and established the Roman Republic. In the 2nd century BCE, the Gracchi brothers, Tiberius and Gaius, two Roman tribunes, led a movement for land reform and political reform in general. Pompey himself fled to Egypt, expecting to find sanctuary there, but was assassinated upon his arrival. 1981 - An assassination attempt on Pope John Paul II is made in St. Peter's Basilica Square. Rome was the last city-state to become part of a unified Italy, and it did so only under duress, after the invasion of Italian troops in 1870. 212 AD - All the inhabitants of the empire are granted. After being nursed by a wolf (la lupa, the she-wolf, still symbol of Rome today) they were taken in by a shepherd. A very short history of Rome June 6, 2018 2:51 pm by Admin Views: 225 The year 753 BC marked the beginning of Rome , which would dominate the western world for centuries: politically until the fall of its western Empire in 476 AD, culturally and artistically, under many … Upon the death of Marcus Aurelius in 180 AD, the Empire fell into a void from which it would not recover. 1962 - Roman Catholic church reforms are brought about with the. 1799 - Napoleon is driven out of Rome and Italy by the. Italy, Italian, Italian Culture, Italian Food, Tourism News, Five curious and little known facts about Italian History, History of 'Monument to Vittorio Emanuele', More curious and little known facts about Italian history, Cult of the Dead and Burial Methods in the History of Italy, “Smart working:” Italy can’t get her head around it, Anglo-Italian Covid-19 vaccine trials halted, Italy approves exemption to allow international couples to travel and meet, Italians in America: from Discrimination to Adoration (or almost). Scullard. The Romans had a story to explain how Rome began. The Empire saw great Emperors such as Vespasian, Trajan, Marcus Aurelius and Hadrian; yet it also saw Emperors who could be classified as insane, such as the mad emperor Caligula (more about Caligula by clicking on the link). Eventually they funded a village on the Palatine Hill, a hill which would eventually house the palaces of Roman Emperors such as Augustus and Tiberius. The History of Rome Mike Duncan History 4.8 • 8.4K Ratings; Listen on Apple Podcasts. 1820 - There are a series of revolts in Rome and the rest of Italy. Although Pyrrhus defeated the army Rome sent out, his army too suffered great casualties as well and for an invading army, this was detrimental to his campaign. The legend claims that in an argument over who would rule the city (or, in another version, where the city would be located) Romulus killed Remus and named the city after himself. The Fall of Roman Empire (476 AD), After the fall of Rome: Our latest articles delivered to your inbox, once a week: Our mission is to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. Both Pompey and Caesar were great generals who, through their respective conquests, made Rome wealthy. The city was ruled by seven kings, from Romulus to Tarquin, as it grew in size and power. Mark, Joshua J. Rome was then engaged in the Punic Wars against Carthage, another powerful nation in the Mediterranean. Upon his death, Rome continued to experience increased turmoil on the outside and on the inside. Rome’s contemporary history reflects the long-standing tension between the spiritual power of the papacy and the political power of the Italian state capital. 1000 BC-500 BC), Roman Republic History: Livy: The Early History of Rome, Books I-V, ANCIENT ROME : FROM THE REPUBLIC TO THE EMPIRE. Eventually he was defeated in 275 BC, thus demonstrating the power of Rome to all those along the Mediterranean. Although they were killed as a result, they paved the way for Gaius Marius, the man who started to get the wheels really turning for forging an Empire. The city recovered spectacularly in the mid-15th century, and for over 200 years was embellished by the greatest artists of the Renaissance and the Baroque. Listen to The History Of Rome with 192 episodes, free! The Flavians (69 AD-96 AD) After defeating Marcus Antonius at the Battle of Actium, the rule of Rome eventually fell into Octavius’ hands. Etruria was also well situated for trade and the early Romans either learned the skills of trade from Etruscan example or were taught directly by the Etruscans who made incursions into the area around Rome sometime between 650 and 600 BCE (although their influence was felt much earlier). 880 - 932 - A rare occasion, the city is governed by women, Theodora and later her daughter Marozia. Other legends claim the city was named after a woman, Roma, who traveled with Aeneas and the other survivors from Troy after that city fell. Roman history has been influential on the modern world, especially in the history of the Catholic Church, and Roman law has influenced many modern legal systems. The year 753 BC marked the beginning of Rome, which would dominate the western world for centuries: politically until the fall of its western Empire in 476 AD, culturally and artistically, under many points of view, still influencing western culture today. Octavian emerged as the sole power in Rome. Crassus and Pompey both held the optimate political line while Caesar was a populare. During the reign of Augustus, Christ was born, and though Christians were persecuted until the 4th century, the new religion took hold and Rome became the main centre of Christianity. Roman history can be divided into the following periods: We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada.