Unable to bear ruling Argos and perhaps haunted by memories of his past, Perseus swapped his kingship for that of Tiryns from where he went on to found the nearby city of Mycenae. He tried wooing her and eventually even asked her hand in marriage, but the timid princess repeatedly spurned his advances. To prevent any eventual hostility, Dictys did his best to shelter Perseus and Danae from the curiosity of the Seripheans; and it seems that he managed the situation quite superbly, for it would pass numerous years before anyone found out about the existence of Danae and Perseus. Naturally, the Graiai wanted their eye back, so Perseus got what he wanted and in addition, Hermes gave him a special sickle (harpe) of adamantine to do the deadly deed. It can be assumed that he served as a base for the development of future Greek heroes. Electryon's daughter was Alcmena, Hercules' mother. He sought revenge when necessary and proved himself to be honorable and clever. They were Athena and Hermes and told Perseus that they were siblings of his. They had one daughter, Gorgophone. Perseus was also the subject of several tragedies in the 5th century BCE, notably those of Sophocles and Euripides. The baby’s name was Perseus but Acrisius was anything but happy to see him. Perseus is perhaps the oldest of the Greek heroes with depictions of his beheading of the Gorgon Medusa being amongst the earliest scenes from mythology appearing in art. Cartwright, M. (2012, October 21). Hesiod is our oldest surviving source of the story and he gives us a little background on Medusa. Perseus was married to Andromeda and their children were Perses, Alcaeus, Heleus, Mestor, Sthenelus, and Gorgophone. It can be assumed that he served as a base for the development of future Greek heroes. Cartwright, Mark. Polydektes immediately challenged Perseus to make good on his promise and if he failed, then the king would take possession of his mother Danae. As an infant he was cast into the sea in a chest with his mother by Acrisius, to whom it had been prophesied that he would be killed by his grandson. With the intention of making peace with Acrisius, Perseus took Danae and Andromeda to Argos. To thwart the prophecy, Acrisius imprisoned his daughter in bronze, underground chamber; that way – he thought – she would never be able to marry, let alone have any offspring. Later Perseus gave the Gorgon’s head to Athena, who placed it on her shield, and gave his other accoutrements to Hermes. In some accounts the hero wanted to know the whereabouts of Medusa, in other versions he asks the Graiai where he could find the nymphs who had the cap of Hades, which made its wearer invisible, and winged sandals or boots so that he might fly. As Acrisius sat down in the stands, the discus event was beginning. Their second son, Electryon, later became king of Mycenae and it was his daughter, Alcmene, who gave birth to Heracles, the greatest hero in Greek mythology. One day, Acrisius spotted light coming out from the tower. Arcisius, Perseus' grandfather, had asked an oracle if he would ever have any kids; the answer he got was shocking and led him to live in a life of paranoia. Acrisius, the king of Argos, had a beautiful daughter by the name of Danae. Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization. He was an important part of early Greek mythology and certainly inspired the heroes that would follow him. Cartwright, Mark. This infuriated Perseus, who stormed to the palace and sought his revenge. He had a daughter named Danae. The story of Perseus is best summed up in Apollodorus’ “Library” and visited at length by Ovid at the end of the fourth and the beginning of the fifth book of his “Metamorphoses.” Pindar sings of Perseus and the discovery of the aulos in his 12th Pythian Ode. Perseus had 9 children: Perses, Alcaeus, Heleus, Mestor, Sthenelus, Electryon, Cynurus, Gorgophone and Autochthe. Polydectes wanted to force her to marry him but Perseus intervened. It hit an old man and killed him. Perseus and his wife stayed and lived a happy life for many years. The Greek Hero Perseus Family of Perseus. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Within a year the couple had its first child, Perses, the ancestor of all future Persian kings. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, Medusa: The Ancient Greek Myth of the Snake-Haired Gorgon, Greek Mythology Picture Gallery: Images of Medusa, The 10 Greatest Heroes of Greek Mythology, The Greek Mythology of Clash of the Titans, Mythical Creatures: The Monsters from Greek Mythology. Perseus' life was a very interesting one, full of adventures.He was the son of the god Zeus and Danae.His reputation and character quickly turned him into a local hero of Argos (a place in Peloponese, Greece). Perseus is most famous for his expedition against the Gorgons, during which he slew the only mortal of the three, Medusa, taking with him her severed head – capable of turning anyone into stone – and using it as a powerful weapon. This makes Perseus both Heracles’ great-grandparent and his half-brother, both a symbolic predecessor and a worthy peer. Perseus, in shame, traded his kingdom of Argos, for that of his cousin Megapenthes'. Among the human Perseids, the most famous is Hercules (Heracles). He consistently overcame obstacles of all sizes and defended his loved ones.